Sunday, May 26, 2019

(LML) Brazil: UN expert on leprosy end of mission statement

Leprosy Mailing List – May 26,  2019

Ref.:   (LML)  Brazil: UN expert on leprosy end of mission statement

From:  Alice Cruz, Quito, Equador

Dear all,

Please find below the link to my end of mission to Brazil statement and the Portuguese version in attachment. The full report will be presented to the Human Rights Council in June 2020.


Alice Cruz


Envio o link para a minha declaração de final da visita oficial ao Brasil e a versão Portuguesa em anexo.

O relatório completo será apresentado ao Conselho de Direitos Humanos em Junho de 2020.


Alice Cruz

LML - S Deepak, B Naafs, S Noto and P Schreuder

LML blog link:

Contact: Dr Pieter Schreuder <<

Sunday, May 19, 2019

(LML) InfoNTD monthly e-newsletter on NTDs and cross-cutting issues - May 2019

Leprosy Mailing List – May 19,  2019

Ref.:  (LML) InfoNTD monthly e-newsletter on NTDs and cross-cutting issues - May 2019

From:  Roos Geutjes, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Dear colleagues,

Digital health interventions play an important role in todays' health systems strengthening. Even in the most remote areas, people often have access to mobile phones. Numerous applications are being developed worldwide to support governments, organisations, programmes, communities and individuals with the aim to improve health outcomes. Working with, or building an application is one thing, scaling up or ensuring long-term success can be challenging, especially when programmes end and funding stops. Let's learn from each other to increase success and sustainability in mobile health interventions. Therefore, in this newsletter you will find no less than five publications on mobile health as cross cutting theme. 

Congratulations to our partner Sightsavers who has won a bronze accoloade in the Brand Film Festival Awards this month with their "What We Do brand film". This is the second film award for Sightsavers in recent weeks. On 27 April the organisation collected another bronze award at the 2019 Charity Film Awards for a film entitled 'One billion treatments for neglected tropical diseases'. The film highlights their work of providing combined treatment for river blindness and lymphatic filariasis as part of the UNITED programme. Well done, Sightsavers! 

Should you be missing any information on cross-cutting NTD issues on the portal and in this newsletter, please don't hesitate to contact me. Suggestions are always welcome. 

Warm regards,
Roos Geutjes

InfoNTD Coordinator

New publications

The gendered impact of Buruli ulcer on the household production of health and social support networks: Why decentralization favors women.
Agbo I, Johnson R, Sopoh G, Nichter M. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(4):e0007317.
Abstract The treatment of moderate to severe BU affects the well-being of entire households and places a strain on both gender relations within households and social relations with kin asked for various types of support. In this paper, we employ the conceptual lenses provided by the Household Production of Health approach to understanding the impact of illness on the household as a unit of analysis, gender studies, and social support related research to better understand BU health care decision making and the psychosocial experience of BU hospitalization.
Read more

Collateral Benefits of Preventive Chemotherapy - Expanding the War on Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Hotez PJ, Fenwick A, Molyneux DH. The New England journal of medicine. 2019.
Read more

Female genital schistosomiasis and HIV/AIDS: Reversing the neglect of girls and women.
Hotez PJ, Harrison W, Fenwick A, et al.. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(4):e0007025.
Read more

Navigating the Structure of Research on Sustainable Development Goals
Nakamura M. P. 3rd Institute for Scientific Information; 2019.
Read more

Maladies tropicales négligées (MTN) : les chercheurs-lutteurs francophones plaident pour une approche intégrée du diagnostic
Neglected tropical diseases (NTD): French-speaking researchers-fighters call for an integrated approach to diagnosis.
Boutin J-. Médecine et Santé Tropicales. 2019; 29(1):23-25.
Abstract Le réseau francophone sur les maladies tropicales négligées (RFMTN) créé sous l'égide d'Aviesan en avril 2016 a, parmi ses 5 objectifs, ceux de favoriser les interactions entre les institutions francophones membres, de développer des programmes collaboratifs permettant de répondre à des appels d'offres et de mener un plaidoyer efficace auprès des instances politiques et des bailleurs. Pour faire un point d'étape de ses deux premières années d'existence il a tenu à Montpellier (France) un colloque plénier les 22 et 23 octobre 2018 auquel ont très activement participé des experts venus de nombreuses institutions scientifiques africaines, françaises et internationales. Cet article présente l'essentiel des débat.
Read more

Inequalities in the social determinants of health and Chagas disease transmission risk in indigenous and creole households in the Argentine Chaco.
Fernández M, Gaspe M, Gürtler RE. Parasites & vectors. 2019; 12(1):184.
Abstract The social determinants of health (SDHs) condition disease distribution and the ways they are handled. Socio-economic inequalities are closely linked to the occurrence of neglected tropical diseases, but empirical support is limited in the case of Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Herein we assessed the relationship between key structural SDHs and the risk of T. cruzi vector-borne transmission in rural communities of the Argentine Chaco occupied by creoles and an indigenous group (Qom)
Read more

Uniting to Combat Neglected Tropical Diseases 2018 Action Framework Report
Uniting to Combat NTDs. Uniting to Combat NTDs; 2019.
Read more

Influence of Donor Aid Policy on Disability Inclusion in Myanmar
Soe SK. University of Sydney Faculty of Health Sciences Occupational Therapy. 2019.
Abstract Article 32 of the UNCRPD requires that international aid programs are inclusive and accessible to people with disabilities. Myanmar is both a signatory to the UNCRPD and is also a major recipient of aid from signatory countries. This study aimed to identify if the requirements of Article 32. 1 (a) are reflected in donor-funded aid programmes in Myanmar. The primary purpose was to analyse compliance along 'the aid delivery chain' understood to encompass policy commitment by donor agencies and in-country partners, identifying influencing factors on disability-inclusive development practices.
Read more

Achieving Sustainability and Scale-Up of Mobile Health Noncommunicable Disease Interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Views of Policy Makers in Ghana
Opoku D, Busse R, Quentin W. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2019; 7461636(52 Suppl21).
Abstract A growing body of evidence shows that mobile health (mHealth) interventions may improve treatment and care for the rapidly rising number of patients with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A recent realist review developed a framework highlighting the influence of context factors, including predisposing characteristics, needs, and enabling resources (PNE), for the long-term success of mHealth interventions. The views of policy makers will ultimately determine implementation and scale-up of mHealth interventions in SSA. However, their views about necessary conditions for sustainability and scale-up remain unexplored.
Read more

Pediatric tropical medicine: The neglected diseases of children.
Hotez PJ, Odom John AR, LaBeaud DA. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(5):e0007008.
Abstract Our objective is to highlight several ominous trends, including our findings that (1) the pediatric tropical disease burdens are huge and do not appear to be declining and (2) fewer trainees are entering the field. Included here are are some key suggestions to address these concerns.
Read more

Economic evaluations of onchocerciasis interventions: a systematic review and research needs.
Turner HC, Walker M, Pion SD, McFarland DA, Bundy DA, Basáñez M-. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH. 2019.
Abstract To provide a systematic review of economic evaluations that has been conducted for onchocerciasis interventions, to summarise current key knowledge and to identify research gaps.
Read more

Is the elimination of 'sleeping sickness' affordable? Who will pay the price? Assessing the financial burden for the elimination of human African trypanosomiasis in sub-Saharan Africa
Sutherland SC, Tediosi F. BMJ Global Health. 2019; 4(2).
Abstract Programme to eliminate neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) have gained global recognition, and may allow for improvements to universal health coverage and poverty alleviation. The objective of this analysis was to forecast the financial burden of direct costs of HAT Tbg to funders and society.
Read more

An Ecological Framework for Modeling the Geography of Disease Transmission.
Johnson EE, Escobar LE, Zambrana-Torrelio C. Trends in ecology & evolution. 2019.
Abstract Ecological niche modeling (ENM) is widely employed in ecology to predict species' potential geographic distributions in relation to their environmental constraints and is rapidly becoming the gold-standard method for disease risk mapping. However, given the biological complexity of disease systems, the traditional ENM framework requires reevaluation. We propose a theoretical framework based on the biological properties of both hosts and parasites to produce reliable outputs resembling disease system distributions. This new framework will help the field of disease ecology and applications of biogeography in the epidemiology of infectious diseases.
Read more

Chapter 11 - m-Health in Public Health Practice: A Constellation of Current Evidence
Abdulrahman S, Ganasegeran K. 2019.
Abstract This chapter examines historical and current literature evidence of m-Health application in public health practice, its impact on global population health and future prospects.
Read abstract

Models for enhancing the development of experiential learning approaches within mobile health technologies.
Broussard JD, Teng EJ. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 2019.
Abstract Benefits of mHealth apps are numerous, but potential limitations include poorer understanding of material due to the lack of real-time support from providers, limited scope and depth of interventions, and absence of theoretical grounding and/or empirical support. A potential reason for these limitations is that treatment experts and app developers lack a common theory-based conceptual model to inform the objectives of mHealth interventions. We discuss how clinicians and app developers can use models of learning processes, such as Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) and Bloom's Taxonomy, to facilitate collaboration among professionals and to increase experiential learning within mHealth interventions.
Read more

Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing and nutritional interventions on soil-transmitted helminth infections in young children: A cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh.
Ercumen A, Benjamin-Chung J, Arnold BF, Lin A, Hubbard AE, Stewart C, et al.. : the preprint server for biology. 2019.
Abstract Soil transmitted helminths (STH) infect >1.5 billion people. Mass drug administration (MDA) effectively reduces infection; however, there is evidence for rapid reinfection and risk of potential drug resistance. We conducted a randomized controlled trial in Bangladesh (WASH Benefits, NCT01590095) to assess whether water, sanitation, hygiene and nutrition interventions, alone and combined, reduce STH in a setting with ongoing MDA.
Read more

Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis transmission and control in Leyte, Philippines.
Francisco I, Jiz M, Rosenbaum M, Baltazar P, Steele JA. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(5):e0007358.
Abstract In the Philippines, 860,000 people are afflicted with Schistosoma japonicum annually, and another 6.7 million live in endemic areas. The disease's complex epidemiology as well as the influence of poverty in endemic areas demand an integrated, multi-sectoral approach to disease control. Results from behavioral or sociocultural studies on schistosomiasis could improve the content and impact of schistosomiasis control in rural villages in the Philippines. We investigated knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis transmission and control in an endemic village in Leyte Province, Philippines.
Read more

Mobile health ethics and the expanding role of autonomy.
Schmietow B, Marckmann G. Medicine, health care, and philosophy. 2019.
Abstract Mhealth technology is mushrooming world-wide and, in a variety of forms, reaches increasing numbers of users in ever-widening contexts and virtually independent from standard medical evidence assessment. Yet, debate on the broader societal impact including in particular mapping and classification of ethical issues raised has been limited. This article, as part of an ongoing empirically informed ethical research project, provides an overview of ethical issues of mhealth applications with a specific focus on implications on autonomy as a key notion in the debate
Read more

Health-related Quality of Life and Wound Care Practices Among Patients With Chronic Wounds in a Southwestern Nigerian Community.
Oladele H, Fajemilehin R, Oladele A, Babalola E. Wounds : a compendium of clinical research and practice. 2019.
Abstract Chronic wounds (CWs) are a common problem around the world. Although known to affect quality of life, patients' perception may vary among cultures. The purpose of this article is to determine the effects of CWs on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and identify wound care practices among a select population in southwestern Nigeria.
Read more

Chagas disease as example of a reemerging parasite.
Guarner J. Seminars in diagnostic pathology. 2019.
Read more

Helminth infections in light of an ongoing intervention in endemic areas of Guragae zone, Southern Ethiopia: an implication for neglected tropical diseases elimination in Ethiopia by 2020
Shumbej T, Girum T. Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines. 2019.
Abstract Helminth infections are among the major public health problems in developing countries. Considerable efforts have been made towards the control of morbidity caused by infection with helminths in Ethiopia. The national control program is designed to achieve the elimination of helminth infections as a major public health problem by 2020.
Read more

Evaluating mHealth Apps Using Affordances: Case of CommCare Versus DHIS2 Tracker
Chhetri A, Iversen M, øll J, Kanjo C. 2019.
Abstract CommCare and DHIS2 Tracker are two software packages which were configured for community health workers (CHW) in Malawi and evaluated and compared.
Read more

Guidance on stakeholder engagement practices to inform the development of area-wide vector control methods.
Thizy D, Emerson C, Gibbs J, et al.. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(4):e0007286.
Read more

Trends in dengue research in the Philippines: A systematic review.
Agrupis K, Ylade M, Aldaba J, Lopez A, Deen J. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(4):e0007280.
Abstract Dengue is an important public health problem in the Philippines. We sought to describe the trends in dengue research in the country. We searched four databases and identified published studies on dengue research in the Philippines during the past 60 years. We reviewed 135 eligible studies, of which 33% were descriptive epidemiologic studies or case series, 16% were entomologic or vector control studies, 12% were studies on dengue virology and serologic response, 10% were socio-behavioral and economics studies, 8% were clinical trials, 7% were on burden of disease, 7% were investigations on markers of disease severity, 5% were on dengue diagnostics, and 2% were modeling studies.
Read more

A high-intensity cluster of infection around Mbita causeway, western Kenya: a confirmatory cross-sectional survey.
Chadeka E, Nagi S, Cheruiyot NB, et al.. Tropical medicine and health. 2019; 4726.
Abstract In Kenya, communities residing along the shores and islands of Lake Victoria bear a substantial burden of schistosomiasis. Although there is a school-based deworming program in place, the transmission of varies even at a fine scale. Given the focal nature of schistosomes' transmission, we aim to identify areas with high intensity of infection in Mbita, Homabay County, western Kenya, for prioritized integrated control measures.
Read more

Effects, equity, and cost of school-based and community-wide treatment strategies for soil-transmitted helminths in Kenya: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.
Pullan RL, Halliday KE, Oswald WE, et al.. Lancet (London, England). 2019.
Abstract School-based deworming programmes can reduce morbidity attributable to soil-transmitted helminths in children but do not interrupt transmission in the wider community. We assessed the effects of alternative mass treatment strategies on community soil-transmitted helminth infection.
Read more

Healthcare equity analysis: applying the Tanahashi model of health service coverage to community health systems following devolution in Kenya.
McCollum R, Taegtmeyer M, Otiso L, Mireku M, Muturi N, Martineau T, et al.. International journal for equity in health. 2019; 18(1):65.
Abstract Universal health coverage (UHC) is growing as a national political priority, within the context of recently devolved decision-making processes in Kenya. Our study applied Tanahashi's equity model (according to availability, accessibility, acceptability, contact with and quality) to review perceived equity of health services by actors across the health system and at community level, following changes to the priority-setting process at sub-national levels post devolution in Kenya.
Read more

Community-wide soil-transmitted helminth treatment is equity-effective.
Keiser J, Utzinger J. Lancet (London, England). 2019.
Read more

Sustainable innovation in vector control requires strong partnerships with communities.
Bartumeus F, Costa GB, Eritja R, et al.. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2019; 13(4):e0007204.
Read more

Soil-transmitted helminthiases in Nepal: transmission boundaries and implications for local communities and international travelers.
Baldovin T, Amoruso I, Zangrando D, Cocchio S, et al.. Acta tropica. 2019.
Abstract Soil transmitted helminthiasis (STHs) are endemic in Nepal but since the country territory is extremely heterogeneous, a multidisciplinary assessment is required to evaluate the risk of infection in different areas.
Read more

GDPR & the InfoNTD newsletter

New EU data protection regulations came into force on 25 May 2018. We have been reviewing our practices with regards to the GDPR, including our privacy statement and mailing list. InfoNTD sends out monthly e-mails to its subscribers with an overview of recent publications on NTDs and cross-cutting issues. The purpose of this activity is to keep subscribers up to date. InfoNTD will only process the data we have (names, email addresses) for the purpose of sending you the newsletter. We take your security seriously and will never share your contact details with anyone else. You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list at any time.

LML - S Deepak, B Naafs, S Noto and P Schreuder

LML blog link:

Contact: Dr Pieter Schreuder <<