Tuesday, August 15, 2017

(LML) New publications on cross-cutting issues and NTDs, August 2017

Leprosy Mailing List – August 15,  2017

Ref.:   (LML) New publications on cross-cutting issues and NTDs, August 2017

From:  Ilse Egers, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Dear Pieter,

This newsletter provides you with a selection of news items and recent publications on cross-cutting issues in NTDs. Our starting point is to add articles covering a wide variety of issues. Unfortunately, this is not always possible due to a limited diversity in and shortage of articles on cross-cutting issues and NTDs.

Feel free to contact us (infontd@leprastichting.nl) with any questions or to receive the full text versions if a link to the full text is not included. Our document delivery service is free!

Kind regards,
Ilse Egers
InfoNTD Information officer




Tonga, Pacific island state, eliminates lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem.
The Kingdom of Tonga in the Pacific Ocean may be small in population, but it is kicking big goals in public health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has validated that the country has eliminated lymphatic filariasis — also known as elephantiasis — as a public health problem.
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New publications



“Unseen” Caregivers: The disproportionate gender balance and role of females in the home-based care of lymphatic filariasis patients in Malawi.
Martindale S, MacKenzie C, Mkwanda S, et al. Front Womens Health. 2017; 2(2):1-3.
Abstract This study examines the gender of home-based caregivers for people affected by lymphatic filariasis (LF) lymphoedema. Of the 35 cases who required daily assistance, 27 indicated the gender of the caregiver, of which 20 were female (74.1%), and most commonly daughters, sisters or school-aged girls. The role of female caregivers is ‘unseen’ and this has considerable domestic, educational and economic implications.
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Dengue data and surveillance in Tanzania: a systematic literature review.
Ward T, Samuel M, Maoz D, et al. Trop. Med. Int. Health. 2017; 22(8):960-970.
Abstract Although there is evidence that dengue virus is circulating in Tanzania, the country lacks a dengue surveillance system. Consequently, the true estimate of dengue seroprevalence, as well as the incidence in the population, the frequency and magnitude of outbreaks is unknown. This study therefore sought to systematically review available dengue data from Tanzania.
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Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards yaws and yaws-like skin disease in Ghana.
Marks M, Kwakye-Maclean C, Doherty R, et al. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017; 11(7):e0005820.
Abstract Yaws is endemic in Ghana. The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a new global eradication campaign based on total community mass treatment with azithromycin. Achieving high coverage of mass treatment will be fundamental to the success of this new strategy. An understanding of community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to yaws in Ghana and other endemic countries will be vital in designing effective community engagement strategies.
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The global burden of disease study 2013: What does it mean for the NTDs?
Herricks JR, Hotez PJ, Wanga V, et al. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017; 11(8):e0005424.
Abstract The results presented here indicate that, despite significant gains, much work remains in the fight against NTDs. There are still approximately 2.3 billion cases of NTDs, which cause a substantial global disease burden. It is critical that we as a global community continue our efforts to help end the suffering caused by NTDs. Helping nations to achieve health for the poorest of their citizens will be a step forward in achieving their Sustainable Development Goals. Finally, most of the NTDs are still underreported, and the quantification of their burden is limited by the data that are available. Therefore, screening and notification efforts for the NTDs should be increased in order to capture the true burden of these diseases. Understanding the true burden of NTDs is essential to track health progress, assess the impact of public health interventions, and inform evidence-based policy decisions.
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Criteria to stop mass drug administration for Lymphatic filariasis have been achieved throughout Plateau and Nasarawa States, Nigeria.
Eigege A, Evans DS, Noland GS, et al. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2017.
Abstract Nigeria has the largest population at risk for lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Africa. This study used a transmission assessment survey to determine whether mass drug administration (MDA) for LF could stop in 21 districts, of Plateau and Nasarawa States, Nigeria, after 8-12 years of annual albendazole-ivermectin treatment.
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Lymphatic filariasis in Mainland Southeast Asia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence and disease burden.
Dickson B, Graves P, McBride W. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2017; 2(3).
Abstract Accurate prevalence data are essential for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) as a public health problem. Despite it bearing one of the highest burdens of disease globally, there remains limited reliable information on the current epidemiology of filariasis in mainland Southeast Asia. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of available literature to assess the recent and current prevalence of infection and morbidity in the region.
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Geospatial analysis of Buruli ulcer prevalence in Anambra North, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Franklin Ike I, Usman AK, Yelwa SA. J Prev Inf Cntrl. 2017; 3(1):1-8.
Abstract Although the true burden and the factors responsible for Buruli ulcer (BU) occurrence in Nigeria is not yet known, the disease has become an issue of great concern in some parts of the country, especially in Anambra State. It is against this background that this study analyzed the prevalence of BU in Anambra North with the objectives of determining the hotspots, trends and factors influencing the occurrence of the disease in the study area. The results show a variation in the temporal distribution of the disease.
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Social stigma, adherence to medication and motivation for healing: A cross-sectional study of leprosy patients at Jember Public Health Center, Indonesia.
Susanti IA, Mahardita NGP, Alfianto R, et al. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2017.
Abstract Social stigma surrounding leprosy patients (LPs) in the community is still related to the adherence of these patients to medication and to their internal motivation for healing. Unfortunately, the leprosy case programme has not been optimally established in public health centres (PHCs). The aim of this study was to assess the social stigma towards adherence to medication and motivation for healing among LPs in PHCs in Indonesia.
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Lymphatic filariasis patient identification in a large urban area of Tanzania: An application of a community-led Mhealth system.
Mwingira U, Chikawe M, Mandara WL, et al. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017; 11(7):e0005748.
Abstract Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is best known for the disabling and disfiguring clinical conditions that infected patients can develop; providing care for these individuals is a major goal of the Global Programme to Eliminate LF. Methods of locating these patients, knowing their true number and thus providing care for them, remains a challenge for national medical systems, particularly when the endemic zone is a large urban area.
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Assessment of quality of life in patients with post kalaazar dermal leishmaniasis.
Pal B, Murti K, Siddiqui NA, et al. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2017; 15(1):148.
Abstract Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is a dermatological disorder caused by protozoal parasite Leishmania donovani. PKDL cases are thought to be a reservoir of parasites and may increase cases of visceral leishmaniasis. The disease is not life threatening but cosmetic disfigurement associated with it may impair the patients' quality of life. This study aimed to assess the health related quality of life in patients with post kalaazar dermal leishmanasis for the first time.
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Community-based field implementation scenarios of a short message service reporting tool for lymphatic filariasis case estimates in Africa and Asia.
Mableson HE, Martindale S, Stanton MC, et al. mHealth. 2017; 3(28).
Abstract Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) targeted for global elimination by 2020. The mHealth tool ‘MeasureSMS-Morbidity’ allows health workers in endemic areas to use their own mobile phones to send clinical information in a simple format using short message service (SMS). The experience gained through programmatic use of the tool in five endemic countries across a diversity of settings in Africa and Asia is used here to present implementation scenarios that are suitable for adapting the tool for use in a range of settings.
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Steps to sustainability: a road map for WASH.
Harvey A. Waterlines. 2017; 36(3):185-203.
Abstract This paper presents a strategy for achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 6.1 and 6.2 (universal access to clean water and to adequate sanitation and hygiene) in the context of rural Uganda. With participation of the Ministry of Water and Environment, a group of local government representatives have consulted in a series of workshops and meetings over the past five years.
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Neglected Diseases in South East Asia: Building Capacity in Epidemiological Modelling
August 28-September 1, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
University of Malaya
Southeast Asia countries face common threats from infections, including neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) that particularly affect marginalized communities―the most vulnerable to exposure and least able to seek treatment. Understanding the transmission and control of infectious diseases can be aided by mathematical modelling, helping to predict disease outbreaks, quantify intervention impact, estimate economic and health-care burdens, and inform cost-effective public health strategies. This workshop will introduce participants to topics from bacterial & viral to helminth NTDs and NZDs through series of lectures and practicals followed by group discussions and Q&A sessions, addressing: a) basic models for vector-borne diseases; b) infection intensity frameworks for helminth infections, and c) models for zoonotic infections.
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LML - S Deepak, B Naafs, S Noto and P Schreuder

LML blog link: http://leprosymailinglist.blogspot.it/

Contact: Dr Pieter Schreuder << editorlml@gmail.com


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